Monday, July 6, 2009

As Regards 'Patriotism'

by Mark Twain

In the beginning of a change, the patriot is a scarce man, and brave, and hated and scorned. When his cause succeeds, the timid join him, for then it costs nothing to be a patriot. Mark Twain’s Notebook, 1905

IT IS AGREED, in this country, that if a man can arrange his religion so that it perfectly satisfies his conscience, it is not incumbent upon him to care whether the arrangement is satisfactory to anyone else or not.

In Austria and some other countries this is not the case. There the state arranges a man’s religion for him, he has no voice in it himself.

Patriotism is merely a religion -- love of country, worship of country, devotion to the country’s flag and honor and welfare.

In absolute monarchies it is furnished from the throne, cut and dried, to the subject; in England and America it is furnished, cut and dried, to the citizen by the politician and the newspaper.

The newspaper-and-politician-manufactured patriot often gags in private over his dose; but he takes it, and keeps it on his stomach the best he can. Blessed are the meek.

Sometimes, in the beginning of an insane shabby political upheaval, he is strongly moved to revolt, but he doesn’t do it -- he knows better. He knows that his maker would find out -- the maker of his patriotism, the windy and incoherent six-dollar subeditor of his village newspaper -- and would bray out in print and call him a traitor. And how dreadful that would be. It makes him tuck his tail between his legs and shiver. We all know -- the reader knows it quite well -- that two or three years ago nine-tenths of the human tails in England and America performed just that act. Which is to say, nine-tenths of the patriots in England and America turned traitor to keep from being called traitor. Isn’t it true? You know it to be true. Isn’t it curious?

Yet it was not a thing to be very seriously ashamed of. A man can seldom -- very, very seldom -- fight a winning fight against his training; the odds are too heavy. For many a year -- perhaps always -- the training of the two nations had been dead against independence in political thought, persistently inhospitable toward patriotism manufactured on a man’s own premises, patriotism reasoned out in the man’s own head and fire-assayed and tested and proved in his own conscience. The resulting patriotism was a shopworn product procured at second hand. The patriot did not know just how or when or where he got his opinions, neither did he care, so long as he was with what seemed the majority -- which was the main thing, the safe thing, the comfortable thing. Does the reader believe he knows three men who have actual reasons for their pattern of patriotism -- and can furnish them? Let him not examine, unless he wants to be disappointed. He will be likely to find that his men got their patriotism at the public trough, and had no hand in its preparation themselves.

Training does wonderful things. It moved the people of this country to oppose the Mexican War; then moved them to fall in with what they supposed was the opinion of the majority -- majority patriotism is the customary patriotism -- and go down there and fight. Before the Civil War it made the North indifferent to slavery and friendly to the slave interest; in that interest it made Massachusetts hostile to the American flag, and she would not allow it to be hoisted on her State house -- in her eyes it was the flag of a faction. Then by and by, training swung Massachusetts the other way, and she went raging South to fight under that very flag and against that aforetime protected interest of hers.

There is nothing that training cannot do. Nothing is above its reach or below it. It can turn bad morals to good, good morals to bad; it can destroy principles, it can recreate them; it can debase angels to men and lift men to angelship. And it can do any one of these miracles in a year -- even in six months.

Then men can be trained to manufacture their own patriotism. They can be trained to labor it out in their own heads and hearts and in the privacy and independence of their own premises. It can train them to stop taking it by command, as the Austrian takes his religion. .
(1.) Ed. note: Twain was referring to the Boer War and the Phillipine 'Insurrection' -- both colonial wars of imperial aggression against native peoples in South Africa and Asia fought around the turn of the previous century. Twain was a member of the "Anti-Imperialist League" formed to protest against the colonialization of the Phillipines after the Spanish-American War.


Jeff ( Va. Rebel ) said...

"In the beginning of a change, the patriot is a scarce man, and brave, and hated and scorned. When his cause succeeds, the timid join him, for then it costs nothing to be a patriot. Mark Twain’s Notebook,

I remember reading this paraphrased but didn't recall it was Twain who said it. Very fitting quote, and Biblical.

The multitude follows evil (although it may wear the label of good) for it's the popular path. And most EVERYBODY seems more concerned with acceptance rather than embracing truth.

Didn't remember him standing against "The Crown" in the Boer War either. The knothead learned something new today !

Orion said...

Twain was an interesting character, to say the least. Even today, both sides can't seem agree on what he really believed, except that he was for the white working man and he did have some sympathy for negros, but certainly didn't love them.

As for the jews, even then he seemed to sense their strength and didn't say anything outright against them, though you can read between the lines. When reading Twain you have to read between the lines sometimes. I don't think he really cared for his daughter marrying a russian jew, that's for sure.

As for standing against the crown, Twain didn't like imperial governments and say the US becoming one, thus his distain for "patriotism". I found an interesting quote in his "The Czar's Soliloquy":

"There are twenty-five million families in Russia. There is a man-child at every mother's knee. If these were twenty-five million patriotic mothers, they would teach these man-children daily, saying: "Remember this, take it to heart, live by it, die for it if necessary: that our patriotism is medieval, outworn, obsolete; that the modern patriotism, the true patriotism, the only rational patriotism, is loyalty to the Nation ALL the time, loyalty to the Government when it deserves it." With twenty-five million taught and trained patriots in the land a generation from now, my successor would think twice before he would butcher a thousand helpless poor petitioners humbly begging for his kindness and justice, as I did the other day."

Loyalty to the NATION all the time, Loyalty to the Government when it deserves it. HOW TRUE!

So i think Twain understood the bonds of blood and race, ultimately.